The Most Common condition and which also known as the silent killer, High Blood Pressure or Hyper Tension is referred as the pressure at which the blood flows through the blood vessels which is consistently high. The Measurements of Blood pressure and what they imply is given below
|Systolic pressure or Upper Value in mm Hg||Diastolic Pressure or Lower Value in mm Hg||Condition||Classification|
|Less Than 120||Less than 80||If both value are within the specified limit||Normal|
|120 to 129||Less than 80||If both value are within the specified limit||Elevated|
|130 to 139||80-89||If anyone of the value is within the specified limit||High Blood Pressure Stage 1|
|140 and above||90 and above||If anyone of the value is within the specified limit||High Blood Pressure Stage 2|
|Greater than 180||Greater than 120||If anyone or both of the value is within the specified limit||hypertensive crisis|
The hypertensive stage is highly critical and to be consulted with a doctor immediately after the diagnosis. HBP is now a common condition and as per American Heart Association, nearly half of the American males and more than 100 million Americans have this and many of them do not know until reach hypertensive crisis stage get any of the symptoms such as nose bleeding, severe head ache, shortness of breath and acute anxiety. HBP may lead to Stroke, Heart Failure, Kidney Failure, Vision loss, Sexual Dysfunction.
As per World Health Organization, 1.13 billion people suffer from this medical condition and 2/3rd of them live in Low and middle – income countries. In 2015, 1 in 4 men and 1 in 5 women had HBP and this was the major cause of premature death worldwide.
HBP can be prevented by taking less than 5 grams of salt / day, eating fruits and vegetables daily, avoiding Liquor and alcohol consumption and lowering saturated fats in Diet and being physically active and masking it as lifestyle.
If the HBP is diagnosed, it can be controlled by taking high potassium content (4700 mg / day but not excess ) which lowers the effect of salt excretes out through urine, reducing stress, Treating HBP and other medical conditions.